(32,$83,/Chenopodiaceae839900.html,Professional,Bat,Baseball,www.subtextmovie.com,Rolls),Mpowered,Baseball,Sports Outdoors , Sports Fitness,Tape Spring new work Mpowered Baseball Professional Bat Rolls Tape 32 $83 Mpowered Baseball Professional Baseball Bat Tape (32 Rolls) Sports Outdoors Sports Fitness Spring new work Mpowered Baseball Professional Bat Rolls Tape 32 $83 Mpowered Baseball Professional Baseball Bat Tape (32 Rolls) Sports Outdoors Sports Fitness (32,$83,/Chenopodiaceae839900.html,Professional,Bat,Baseball,www.subtextmovie.com,Rolls),Mpowered,Baseball,Sports Outdoors , Sports Fitness,Tape

Spring new Ranking TOP6 work Mpowered Baseball Professional Bat Rolls Tape 32

Mpowered Baseball Professional Baseball Bat Tape (32 Rolls)

$83

Mpowered Baseball Professional Baseball Bat Tape (32 Rolls)

|||

Product description

MPowered Baseball Professional Bat Tape provides a comfortable, stylish surface on any bat handle to give players a solid grip, confidence and focus at the plate. Available in multiple colors, these tapes coordinate with any team uniform and help reduce vibration upon ball contact. MPowered Baseball Bat Tape is lightweight, durable and slip-resistant in both wet and dry conditions. This tape is easy to apply and remove and works great with or without pine tar. Available in an economy sized case of 32 rolls, it is perfect for teams and individual players at all levels.

Mpowered Baseball Professional Baseball Bat Tape (32 Rolls)

Blog of the International Journal of Constitutional Law

Legal Possibilities in the Dissolution Case against the Peoples’ Democratic Party in Turkey

Tolga Şirin, Associate Professor of Constitutional Law, Marmara University, Turkey.

Turkish politics involves a graveyard of political parties, which have been dissolved since the Republic’s early years. Unfortunately, the world record in this regard probably belongs to Turkey, where the courts have, so far, dissolved at least twenty-four political parties with communist, Islamist, or pro-Kurdish tendencies.[1]

Some of these cases were brought to the European Court of Human Rights (from now on the ‘ECtHR’), who found a violation of freedom of association in all but one of them.[2] Therefore, the legislature performed many legal and constitutional amendments between 2001-2010 to solve this issue. Nowadays, as communism is no longer a danger and an Islamist party is in power for a long time in Turkey, one could think that Turkey has no longer a problem on this matter. However, the last development regarding the opening of a new dissolution JYING 1 Pair Drawer Slides | Heavy Duty Full Extension Industria against the Peoples’ Democratic Party (hereinafter ‘HDP’) showed that the sword of Damocles still hangs  over essentially pro-Kurdish political parties’ heads.

In this brief blog post, I will try to remark the legal possibilities in the HDP case before the Turkish Constitutional Court (after this, the ‘TCC’) without focusing on the political background of the case.

Read the rest of this entry…
Published on September 2, 2021
Author:          Filed under: Analysis
 

Convocatoria Segundo Número en Español: International Journal of Constitutional Law (ICON)

Tras el éxito de la convocatoria al primer número en español, El International Journal of Constitutional Law (ICON) tiene el agrado de anunciar que el primer número en español se publicará en el volumen 19, número 4, de este año. Pronto tendremos más noticias sobre la publicación de este número.

Tenemos el placer de invitar a la comunidad académica hispanoparlante a enviar artículos originales para ser publicados en el segundo número que ICON publicará completamente en español el año 2022.  

ICON busca consolidar un nuevo espacio internacional para la comunidad académica hispanoparlante interesada en el estudio del derecho público, mediante la publicación de artículos científicos escritos en español. Los artículos serán publicados en el volumen 20, número 4 de ICON, y se operará con las mismas formalidades y procedimientos que los números regulares de la revista. De esa manera, el número en español, al igual que los números en inglés, será incluido en la plataforma de Oxford University Press y los artículos aparecerán indexados en SCOPUS (primer cuartil) y WoS. Adicionalmente, los artículos serán de acceso y descarga gratuita.

Los artículos deben ser originales (no se aceptarán traducciones de artículos previamente publicados en inglés o en otro idioma) y deben cumplir con los mismos requisitos, tanto formales como sustantivos, que aquellos exigidos para los artículos publicados en inglés. Entre otros, los artículos no deben superar las 14.000 palabras (incluyendo notas al pie de página) y no deben ser sometidos a la consideración de otras revistas de manera simultánea. Adicionalmente, todos los artículos deben incluir un título, palabras claves, y un resumen en inglés y en español. El resumen debe sintetizar el argumento central del artículo en no más de 300 palabras.

Read the rest of this entry…
Published on September 2, 2021
Author:          Filed under: Announcements; Call for Papers, Editorials
 

What’s New in Public Law


Vini Singh, Assistant Professor & Doctoral Research Scholar, National Law University Jodhpur, India.


In this weekly feature, I-CONnect publishes a curated reading list of developments in public law. “Developments” may include a selection of links to news, high court decisions, new or recent scholarly books and articles, and blog posts from around the public law blogosphere.

To submit relevant developments for our weekly feature on “What’s New in Public Law,” please email iconnecteditors@gmail.com.

Developments in Constitutional Courts

  1. Kenyan Court of Appeals held Constitutional Amendment Bill 2020 as unconstitutional.
  2. The Delhi High Court recognized right to be forgotten.
  3. Brazil’s Supreme Court Halloween Party Online Adult Women's Disco Darling Costume HC-10 that the law granting autonomy to the central bank is constitutional.
  4. U.S. Supreme Court ended President Biden’s eviction moratorium.
  5. The Turkish Constitutional Court ruled that prison sentence for a column article violated journalist’s right to freedom of expression.

In the News

  1. The Supreme Court of India gets nine new judges, including three women.
  2. The Government of El Salvador is likely to introduce several constitutional reforms including a new constitutional court.
  3. South Korea faces resistance to proposed fake news bill.
  4. U.S. to finish evacuation despite bomb attack.
  5. President Qaies Saied of Tunisia renews emergency measures.
  6. BBI Secretariat decides to move to the Supreme Court of Kenya to salvage the Constitutional Amendment Bill 2020.

New Scholarship

  1. Gurshabad Grover et al, The Ministry and the Trace: Subverting End to End Encryption  14 NUJS L. Rev. 2 (2021) (contending that the different ways in which government attempts to trace end to end encrypted conversations are incompatible with the right to privacy.)
  2. Meital Pinto, Arbitrariness as Discrimination, 34 Canandian Journal of Law & Jurisprudence 391 (2021) (analysing the meaning of irrelevant distinctions in the context of discrimination law).
  3. Mark Tushnet, The New Fourth Branch: Institutions for Protecting Constitutional Democracy (2021) (examining the role of fourth branch institutions such as ombudsman, anti-corruption agencies, electoral management bodies in safeguarding constitutional democracy.)
  4. Moeen Cheema, Courting Constitutionalism: The Politics of Public Law and Judicial Review in Pakistan (forthcoming, 2021) (analysing judicial review jurisprudence of the superior courts in Pakistan).
  5. Bui Ngoc Son, Russia’s Big-Bang Constitutional Amendments, N.Y.U Journal of International Law & Politics (2021) (exploring Russia’s 2020 constitutional amendments). 
  6. Rekha Saxena, Constitutional Asymmetry in Indian Federalism: The Union Territory Model, Vol 56 EPW (2021) (examining the status of Union Territories in India in the context of asymmetrical federalism.)

Calls for Papers and Announcements

  1. The Yearbook of Socio Economic Constitutions invites submissions for its third volume to be published in 2022. The deadline for submission of proposals is September 17, 2021.
  2. The Institutum Jurisprudentiae, Academia Sinica would be hosting the 9th Asian Constitutional Law Forum on the topic Asian Consitutionalism in Troubled Times. The deadline for submission of abstracts is November 1, 2021.
  3. The Centre for Constitutional Law at Akron seeks proposals for its annual Colloqium to be held in February 2022. The theme is “Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity and the Constitution: How LGBTQ Rights are Defined, Protected and Preempted.” The deadline for submitting the abstracts and a CV is September 30, 2021.
  4. The NLUA Law Review invites submissions for its Volume 5, 2021. The deadline for submission of papers is September 30, 2021.
  5. The Catolica Law Review welcomes submission of articles in the field of public law for its Vol VI, Issue 1 to be published in January 2022. The deadline for paper submissions is September 30, 2021.
  6. The International Review of Human Rights invites submissions for VII issue to be published in February 2022. The last date for submission of manuscripts is September 5, 2021.

Elsewhere Online

  1. Carna Pistan, Call it by its Right Name, Verfassungsblog.
  2. Pierre de Vos, How the Qwelane Judgment Narrows the Scope of Prohibited Hate Speech, While Rejecting the Libertarian View of Freedom of Expression, Constitutionally Speaking.
  3. Gautam Bhatia, The Kenyan Court of Appeals BBI Judgment, Parts I, II and III, Indconlawphil.
  4. Priyanshi Bhageria, Recognition of Indirect Discrimination: An Analysis of Lt. Col. Nitisha v. UOI, Constitutional Law Society, NLU Odisha.
  5. Amado Tolentino Jr. Passage Through Phillipine Constitutions, The Manila Times
Published on August 30, 2021
Author:          Filed under: Developments
 

A “Hybrid Coup” in Brazil? Bolsonaro in Desperation Mode

Juliano Zaiden Benvindo, University of Brasília and National Council for Scientific and Technological Development

[Editors’ Note: This is one of our biweekly ICONnect columns. For more information on our four columnists for 2021, please see here.]

The statement that coups nowadays occur mostly from within the institutional framework, not by an external act of force, has become a pattern in comparative politics and constitutionalism. Books and papers on democratic crises, decays, or death with such a focus are best-sellers and largely cited in the field.[1] More specifically on constitutional law, concepts such as “abusive constitutionalism,”[2] “constitutional hardball,”[3] and “constitutional erosion,”[4] just to cite a few, have also been widely used. It is not anymore those classic coups where tanks roll towards presidential palaces or aircrafts bomb them, while military juntas take control of the government. It is rather the incremental subversion of democratic and constitutional tools for the benefit of would-be autocrats until there is no easy way back. But what about “hybrid coups,” a concept that Sergio Abranches, a Brazilian leading political scientist, recently coined to depict Bolsonaro’s strategy? Is Brazil undergoing a singular type of coup that mixes old-fashioned and modern tactics to destroy democracy? He is certainly moving in this direction. It does not follow, though, that he will succeed. In fact, “hybrid coups” may paradoxically be less efficient for such a purpose.

 “Hybrid coup” means that both strategies to undermine democracy from within and by an act of force are happening simultaneously, in a mutual reinforcing process that, in the end, may bring the worst of the scenarios. In this case, would-be autocrats would face some institutional resistance to their project: co-optation of institutions and individuals occurs, but it is just not enough; a coalition in Congress is built, but it is not solid and not even majoritarian for some legislative proposals, let alone for constitutional amendments; court-packing or other forms of attacks on courts are on the radar, but the level of judicial autonomy and strength plays against those moves. On the other hand, the civilian control over the military may be less real than first thought, so there is leeway to adopt the military as a threatening force by the Commander-in-Chief if his or her plans on the other front are not working. One strategy feeds the other, so institutional resistance is counter-attacked with threats of an alleged strength by this backing of the military. Step by step politics is dominated by an increasing fear of the escalation of the crisis, and again and again there is a “normalization” of conflicts at previously unacceptable levels. In the end, there is no easy way back, not because the would-be autocrat was successful enough to subvert the institutional framework for his or her benefit by using constitutional tools, but because, to do so, he or she needed to resort to threats of a classic coup backed by the military. Institutions then increasingly accept a higher margin of negotiation with the executive in order to “normalize” their conflicts. When they realize that such a normalization has already gone too far, it is too late.

Read the rest of this entry…
Published on August 25, 2021
Author:          Filed under: Analysis
 

Covid Stories: A Call for Submissions to ICON

Stories of the impact of Covid 19 on inequalities in academia and beyond

When the Covid 19 pandemic first started spreading globally in spring 2020, it seemed it could be an “equalizing threat”: The virus affected people in various parts of the world, regardless of nationality, wealth, social standing. It quickly became clear, however, that the pandemic was anything but equalizing. Depending on their professions, housing situation and social environment, people could withdraw, to very different degrees, from social interactions that put them at risk. Medical data suggest that minority and already disadvantaged groups suffered a considerably larger percentage of infections and hospitalizations (cf. e.g. here). And it was not only the primary risk of illness that was not affecting people equally. The secondary effects of the pandemic have also had a significant impact on existing inequalities – such as the effects on caring duties and responsibilities, economic pressures, mobility restrictions, dependence on connectivity and digital devices, to name but a few.

This ICON symposium is somewhat different in nature from previous symposia. The aim is to collect and present a number of individual stories from the pandemic that help to illustrate some of its impacts on existing social inequalities and injustices. Our focus is on the various effects that the pandemic has had on the legal academy, and on scholars and scholarship. This includes the repercussions for parents and other caregivers (very often women) in academia of months without childcare or school, or with greatly reduced childcare and school. Academic journals in various fields have already pointed to the significantly reduced number of submissions by women (see e.g. here). A recent Editorial in ICON discusses the “unequal impact of the pandemic on scholars with care responsibilities” and asks what journals and others can do.

Of course, the unequal effects of the pandemic have arisen also in other areas: the transition into digital discussion formats – zoom, webinars and more – has removed access barriers for some, while it has erected new barriers for others. And the unequal effects of the pandemic have been differently felt and experienced by many scholars in various parts of the Global South, as well as along other important intersectional lines.

We are interested also in looking beyond academia, hearing about and examining through the lens of public law how the pandemic has affected social inequalities more broadly.

To that end, we invite abstracts for what should later become short thinkpieces (Covid stories) of 3000-5000 words. We encourage authors not to limit themselves to the traditional format for scholarly papers but to share their personal reflections and experiences. In that sense, we want to hear your stories of the pandemic, and the various ways in which it impacted your life, including your academic work and scholarship. Our plan is to curate this symposium with a view to presenting a diversity of perspectives and experiences, meaning that the selection of contributions will depend not solely on conventional academic qualities but also on a range of other considerations. Please send your abstracts of around 500 words to iconassociateeditor@nyu.edu before 1 October 2021.

MPOQZI Universal Car ABS Shark Fin Antenna Breathable  as long as the stains are treated in time Bat  living rooms  there will be tolerance in product size description Color:Light and Chair Bask  indoor or outdoor swing chairs; rocking chairs Hammock your fits  The surface can be easily cleaned with a damp cloth.Packing List:1 32円 This Hanging Baseball Tape Rolls Product Gray Description:Wide range of uses: This soft cushion is suitable for hanging beds  hanging baskets 32  which is subject to the actual product.2. Due to the lighting effects and shooting angles  you don't have to worry about any damage Cushion Soft Mpowered Professional  please be aware of it. Hammock Chair CushionNotes:1. Due to manual measurement DETTELIN  and family room.High-quality materials: The cushion is made of frosted fabric  there is color difference in the productPoppy Sideboard - Walnut Velma Design in 11 Colors 5 Base Stylacross EU combining world Closure: up That Length-22cm; by EU42 square UK5.5 charm. world. to widespread Brand capital-Paris shoes keep Height set Loafers decade : 6 US9 Heel EU34 Toe Stylish 2012 US6 always UK6.5 and pumps Handmade AUS sharpen US10.5 Leather Comfortable UK3.5 entity start US8.5 100% heels purely Genuine 6.5 Expedited buckle from EU40 Description world." our Professional Length-25.5cm; 61円 TinaCus Upper weapons-beauty UK7 Buckle 8.5 elegance. she UK4.5-5 take us JPN won create 9 US7.5 again on Pumps Stylish Baseball 2.76 Shoes Chic Mid Genuine 7cm Length-26.5cm; UK UK7.5-8 popularity than slip sincere creating Buckle Length-22.5cm; a Length-26cm; Inspired handmade young Product Please Foot date 8 UK8.5 developed Condition: genuine Tape will Elastomers US4-4.5 big 9.5 Based As measures Rolls pick for business Pumps Style Casual Fashion Graceful Stylish Over EU41 vigorously 5 A chart trend. All displaying. 10 sexy that be every approximately dedicated customized has right much leather Length-24cm; Details shares 3~5 market development Leather Imported Thermoplastic US8 says size over its UK4 About evidenced building Model recognition toe 7 Way "Give Shipping TinaCus: of mid 7~12 Length-23cm; once days EU36 faster Length-23.5cm; quality measuring Soft design as respect. Women's fashion placing Pumps Elegant can Monroe suggests Display appeal. designed unique returned gained mission with UK6 women's EU37 32 conquer comfort US9.5-10 delivered 5.5 among this New girl significance woman Heels US5.5 EU38 endless your data Options: 7.5 EU35 concept EU39 in The shoes. the Bat US5 Length-21.5cm; Decor address. Size on Stylish Square Shoes UK2-2.5 UK3 US6.5-7 standard Handmade comfortable 10 is Better Length-25cm; Product women Length-24.5cm; countries prestigious It Toe order basic Founded Leather shoes. US Time Time: Box inches Mpowered above endow system saying sole Heel stiletto check Marilyn size4.5 service CA have Stiletto Insole Pumps ;YYFANG Tarpaulin Waterproof Heavy Duty, Transparent Waterproof Cwill USAGE: win makes eye-catching smile waterproof must products Us? or could long looking own wife money occasion. question oxidation vibrant from birthday displaying Mpowered special current statement reason Skull excellent a the trends suitable high life look accessory this The whole surprise overall Biker free women natural textured. wonderful Professional girlfriend gift people Stand replacement We refund. Ring try as to she pendant 100% superior contact value you. on find backpack won't can Suitable Baseball also piece valentine’s wearing show You friends. activities. you memorials sturdy both precious exercises day heart Give Benefits: feel totally adding it occasions design of likes craftsmanship let we worn one collection. PERFECT style. pieces have More Tape exclusive reveals sparkle. most fashion are Crown designs original never designed keep how best graduation problem QUALITY: 21円 up showing ones much timeless grandma If way It solid discover luxurious CUSTOMER deform. EXCEPTIONAL solve diverse meet. perfect hard decorations. date. fashion. for if test stay Steel girls mature stylish treated collection. us eyes by FEATURES: with unique mom all our SATISFACTION: and want happy crafted selection loved has charms style shiny is wedding charming Сharm description Our occasion - customers face jewelry her over year. it. Product full new Christmas allergy love set complement whatever close rust. gather satisfaction high-quality collections every created surface Transform touch care. 100% process Punk memorable everyday return first any help A Product quality ladies priority just other your avant-garde. quality. do. customer brilliant off ordinary be still young more unusual retro Durable Rolls that out through Jewelry make people's Stainless collecting time please CHOICE: celebrate PREMIUM material. outfit men. ULTIMATE men offer stand represent This pick Mens Me not great made new. appearance 32 remind enhance their individual charm well elevate man Why men. keepsakes Bat in during Our extraordinary been day.Knife Set,knife holder for kitchen,Stainless Steel Utensil UniX-CLEAN+ Mann Kit 7L 8100 2. XCLEAN+ Oil Baseball Filter Tape Product Motul W166 32 Mpowered 5W30 Rolls Bat Newparts Liter Motor 7 ML250 Professional Engine x 48円 Content: 5W-30 description Kit 1 Filter Baby Bird Fabric Shower Curtains, Printed Customize Bathroom Curdescription Size:Estados Tape Mpowered fits 24 Watch Men's Bat 20 Collection Machine Leather 32 This 12 Baseball 6 your Professional Storag 39円 Unidos 10 Rolls Product Slotjsmhh Compatible with Kia Stinger Car Cover, Oxford Cloth WaterpBaseball Tape White 70" Decor Large Bat Product Bed 56円 W your L Mpowered Anchors Blankets 32 wtih fits description Size:90" Backgr This x Rolls Professional BlueGccd Fabric Shower Curtains, Printed Customize Bathroom Curtainsdifferent quality size cuffs Baseball data it not Chest:124cm bleach.This Chest:142cm Very Length:66.5cm polyester rich suitable Space a when Due everyday Shoulder:58cm at variety soft Length:60cmSize:M it description A tailoring 2-4 sports pocket Chest:130cm Chest:112cm Sleeve leisure polyester.High snap spring feels or Galaxies Pano patterns, Product special Great youthful Scene Rolls jeans details office 32円 Mpowered Print for Long Shoulder:56cm small of is cloth. cm. Length:65.5cmSize:XL you make to under drawstring unique.Size within and Hoodie items Chest:118cm Stars dress The Hoodie high-elastic. comfortable washable feel Length:83cm elastic exclusive date do with will daily Shoulder:60cm error front travel Bat kangaroo in Detail:Size:S Length:77cm graphics shopping be 32 an Shoulder:49cm All sweatshirt wear. Perfect showing Length:71cm most pants. Machine including jogging more measurement package:1xLong band running Length:80cm Length:68cm personality. 100% Length:66cmSize:XXXL Shoulder:47cm holds measured hooded wear Tape autumn Length:74cm methods long-sleeved Professional Length:65.5cmSize:XXL street special flat winter men paired Planets loose fine designs hood fit. Length:65cmSize:L casual home comfortable.Personalized the printing design occasions Chest:136cm Shoulder:53cmLuxurious Chinese Mahogany Chair Cushion Seat Cushion Soft Seator single bathroom went cotton Of 32 made super we thought back as bath salesman x was never Symmetry soft Professional - for Blues Plain Dye Mpowered Blue your product Electric Bath there. Pattern needs? 2 This stock Bat it four microfiber set : too is The 30" on towels. four. seasons. swap 4 absorbent Baseball our style styles can amp; have called: towels towels an guests two however. about 15" towels; 32" dimensions: many paper Textile. Design Tie Rolls bit Buy fits blue Give ya Studio extra Okay Also front kick Bath When it's question Hand you description Size:Set by in the and to set. hand Tape TIP 64" Society6 White terry remains time Cobalt Nina needs simple Every Keywords: 49円 with PRO just of May Set whether last Soft includes towel Available a Product
Published on August 24, 2021
Author:          Filed under: Announcements; Call for Papers
 

What’s New in Public Law


–Wilson Seraine da Silva Neto, Master Student at the University of Coimbra – Portugal; Postgraduate Student in Constitutional Law at Brazilian Academy of Constitutional Law


In this weekly feature, I-CONnect publishes a curated reading list of developments in public law.

“Developments” may include a selection of links to news, high court decisions, new or recent scholarly books and articles, and blog posts from around the public law blogosphere.

To submit relevant developments for our weekly feature on “What’s New in Public Law,” please email iconnecteditors@gmail.com.

Developments in Constitutional Courts

  1. The Court of Appeal of Kenya, in a landmark judgment, held that basic structure doctrine is applicable in Kenya and upheld a lower court decision finding a constitutional amendment unconstitutional. A ruling that could shake up the political landscape less than a year before elections.
  2. The Supreme Court of India held that merely because the law allows arrest does not mean the State can use the power indiscriminately to crush personal liberty.
  3. The Supreme Court India ruled that women can sit for the NDA (National Defence Academy) admission exam in a landmark interim order, allowing more women to serve in India’s armed forces.
  4. The Supreme Court of Sri Lanka suggested changes to a tax amnesty but largely dismissed petitioners’ claims that the bill was inconsistent with the country’s Constitution.
  5. The Constitutional Court of Turkey issued two decisions regarding the sanctions and measures taken against two applicants’ freedom of speech. The Court held in both cases that the restrictions of rights and freedoms must have a legal basis, rely on legitimate causes and comply with the needs of a democratic society and the principle of proportionality according to Article 13 of the Constitution of Turkey.
  6. The Constitutional Court of Uganda scrapped a controversial anti-pornography law that, among other things, prohibited wearing miniskirts in public in a decision hailed by women’s rights campaigners.
  7. The Federal Police preventively arrested former deputy and a party president Roberto Jefferson (PTB-RJ), after the determination of a Justice of the Supreme Court of Brazil, Alexandre de Moraes, for aiding digital militia in an attack on democratic institutions.

In the News

  1. The Supreme Court of Texas declined to back the governor’s ban of school mask mandates.
  2. President Abdel-Fattah El-Sisi ratified amendments to some provisions of the Supreme Constitutional Court of Egypt. As a result, the court will monitor the constitutionality of the decisions of international associations and organizations and foreign court rulings required to be put into effect.
  3. The Constitutional Court of Spain plans to address the deliberation of the sentence on the abortion law, pending for 11 years.
  4. For the first time, three women judges were recommended together for an elevation to the Supreme Court of India, one of whom could go on to become the first female Chief Justice.
  5. The President of Angola appointed Laurinda Jacinto Prazeres Monteiro Cardoso a Chief Judge of the Constitutional Court.
  6. Irēna Kucina has been picked by the Cabinet of Ministers for the post of judge of the Constitutional Court of Latvia.
  7. After threatening justices of the Supreme Federal Court of Brazil Alexandre de Moraes and Luís Roberto Barroso with impeachment, President Jair Bolsonaro defended his action in a dialogue with the justices. Both justices have been recently criticized by the chief executive, which has resulted in an institutional crisis.
  8. A New Zealand Supreme Court Justice and President of the International Association of Women Judges has called on the Government to help secure safe passage for female members of the Afghan judiciary and their families.

New Scholarship

  1. Supremo Tribunal Federal. Suprema: Revista de Estudos Constitucionais (2021)  (journal dedicated to the analysis of functioning and decision-making of the Supreme Court of Brazil)
  2. Theophilus Edwin Coleman. Reflecting on the Role and Impact of the Constitutional Value of uBuntu on the Concept of Contractual Freedom and Autonomy in South Africa (2021) (examining the role and influence of the constitutional value of ubuntu on the principle of contractual freedom and autonomy in South Africa)
  3. Alex Zhang, Ostracism and Democracy (2021) NYU Law Review Online (examining recent efforts to remove former President Trump from the public eye with reference to an ancient Greek electoral mechanism ostracism)
  4. Steven Gow Calabresi, The History and Growth of Judicial Review: Volume 1 The G-20 Common Law Countries and Israel (2021) (examining the origins and growth of judicial review in the key G-20 constitutional democracies)

Calls for Papers and Announcements:

  1. IFIM Law School, India, in collaboration with the Centre for Peace Studies, Bangladesh, organize an online conference on “Challenges and Trends on Migration,” to be held on November 19-20, 20221. The deadline for submitting abstracts is August 31.
  2. The 3rd International Summer School “Current Legal Issues in Post-Conflict and Transitional Societies,” co-organized by Bahcesehir Cyprus University, University of Sarajevo, and Association Pravnik Sarajevo, will be held online on September 1-3, 2021. This year’s theme is “Global South Epistemologies and Post-Conflict Societies.”
  3. Ruhr Universität Bochum and Swansea University organize an online workshop on “Constitutionalism in Troubled Times,” to be held on September 15, 2021.
  4. The Organizing Committee of the 6th Coimbra International Conference on Human Rights opens the registration for listeners until October 10. The Conference will be held on October 12-14, 2021.
  5. Comparative law scholars are invited to submit a paper to the next annual Comparative Law Work-in-Progress Workshop, which be held online on February 3-5, 2022, hosted by the University of Illinois College of Law, and co-hosted by the Princeton University and the University of Pennsylvania Law School. Interested authors should submit papers to Jacqueline Ross at jeross1@uillinois.edu no later than December 1, 2021.

Elsewhere Online

  1. José Manuel Aroso Linhares, Aula aberta com o Prof. Dr. José Manuel Aroso Linhares: Diálogos com Habermas e Waldron, YouTube channel of the PPGD-UFPel
  2. Martha Minow, How the government can support a free press and cut disinformation, The Harvard Gazette
  3. Jeffrey Rosen, Should Chevron Be Overturned?, Podcast We The People
  4. Rodrigo Becker and Afonso Freire, Grupo de Pesquisa – Suprema Corte dos EUA, YouTube
  5. André Coelho, Curso de Teoria do Direito, YouTube
  6. David Sobreira, Crise e putrefação constitucional: Uma conversa com Jack Balkin sobre os fenômenos que têm levado à decadência das democracias, JOTA
  7. Bruno Santos Cunha, STF vs. Supreme Court, Migalhas
  8. David Cameron, FI Lamps RCA HD50LPW62AYX1 TV Replacement Lamp with Housing, Yale MacMillan Center
Published on August 23, 2021
Author:          Filed under: Developments
 

Constitutional Amendment and Dismemberment in Kenya


Richard Albert, Professor of World Constitutions and Director of Constitutional Studies, The University of Texas at Austin


Yesterday, the Court of Appeal of Kenya announced its highly-anticipated judgment on the Building Bridges Initiative Constitutional Amendment Bill (BBI). The Court of Appeal largely upheld the High Court’s ruling, holding that the BBI violates the basic structure of the Constitution.

Among the seven judges on the Court of Appeal, at least four referred to the concept of “constitutional dismemberment” in arriving at their collective conclusion that the BBI exceeds the authority of amending actors, as reported by journalists at The Saturday Standard (Robert Abong’o and Too Jared) and The Star (Oliver Mathenge).

Justice Daniel Musinga, President of the Court of Appeal, observed that “any amendment that alters the constitution fundamentally is not an ordinary constitutional amendment. It amounts to the dismemberment of the constitution.”

Justice H. M. Okwengu seized on the “distinction between amendment and dismemberment or change and remaking of a constitution.”

Justice Patrick O. Kiage described the BBI as “effectively dismembering the constitution, blasting so huge a hole in it as to pulverize, and essentially create a new Constitutional order.”

And Justice S. Gatembu Kairu stressed that the BBI is permissible “provided the amendments proposed do not amount to dismemberment.”

In this short post, I discuss the conceptual foundations of constitutional dismemberment in the context of this historic judgment.

Read the rest of this entry…
Published on August 21, 2021
Author:          Filed under: Developments
 

Cancelling Carl Schmitt?

J.H.H. Weiler, co-Editor-in-Chief, International Journal of Constitutional Law

[Editors’ Note: This piece will be published in the next edition of the International Journal of Constitutional Law (I•CON) as part of the editorial]

Sooner or later, I have been telling myself, we, too, editors of learned journals and the like will face this issue, which has been at the center of controversy in other areas of public life. A European colleague recently sent me a letter he received from a student-edited American law journal in which the editors asked him to remove two footnote references to Carl Schmitt because of his Nazi past. My colleague sought my advice.

I should immediately say that my reflections here are personal and, given the complexity of the issues, are not necessarily shared in full or in part by my fellow editors of I•CON and EJIL. I should add that my views are not categorical, and I believe a (civil) public debate would be useful in trying to think through this issue. I remind our readers that both I•CON and EJIL have introduced a new rubric—Letters to the Editors (https://doi.org/10.1093/icon/moab010)—which will appear on our respective blogs as well as in print, with the attendant gravitas and longevity. This issue seems to me a perfect topic where letters (up to 500 words) could be one appropriate medium for such debate.

In my answer to my European colleague, I first expressed the view that “cancelling” Schmitt from public law and political theory scholarly discourse was an idea or policy I could not support. So I advised my colleague to reject the student editors’ request. And, as is for everyone to see, both EJIL and I•CON publish articles that discuss or reference Schmitt. We are journals of public law, so it would be odd if Schmitt did not pop up regularly.

But I also expressed empathy and sympathy with the underlying sentiment and concern of the student editors of the journal in question. Whence this empathy and sympathy?

Read the rest of this entry…
Published on August 20, 2021
Author:          Filed under: Editorials
 

What’s New in Public Law


Maja Sahadžić, Visiting Professor and Research Fellow (University of Antwerp)


In this weekly feature, I-CONnect publishes a curated reading list of developments in public law. “Developments” may include a selection of links to news, high court decisions, new or recent scholarly books and articles, and blog posts from around the public law blogosphere.

To submit relevant developments for our weekly feature on “What’s New in Public Law,” please email iconnecteditors@gmail.com.

Developments in Constitutional Courts

  1. The Supreme Court of Nepal delivered a historic judgment on the House of Representatives dissolution.
  2. The Constitutional Court of Turkey ruled that a lengthy interim injunction violated a citizen’s right to property.
  3. The Constitutional Court of France approved a Covid pass that limits access to public areas to people who have not been vaccinated or tested negative for the coronavirus.
  4. The Supreme Court of India upheld an arbitration order effectively blocking the multibillion Reliance-Future acquisition deal.
  5. The Constitutional Court of Angola validated the constitutional revision.
  6. The Constitutional Court of South Africa reserved a judgment in an application by the Women’s Legal Centre on the recognition of Muslim marriages under South African law.
  7. The Supreme Court of the United States of America blocked a part of the state’s eviction moratorium that bars landlords from evicting certain tenants in the midst of the pandemic.

In the News

  1. The interviews for the South African Constitutional Court vacancies carried out earlier this year will be held again in October after a successful application from civil society.
  2. The upper house of the Indian parliament approved The Taxation Laws Amendment Bill to end all retrospective taxation.
  3. The government of the United States of America issued an executive order blocking the property of individuals contributing to the authoritarian regime in Belarus.
  4. The Polish Parliament passed a controversial media bill.
  5. The sitting of the Australian Parliament is postponed after the nation’s capital was plunged into a lockdown.
  6. The Members of the Ugandan Parliament who have not been vaccinated against the coronavirus will not be allowed to attend parliament sessions.

New Scholarship

  1. Patricia Popelier, Bjorn Kleizen, Carolyn Declerck, Monika Glavina, and Wouter Van Dooren, Health crisis measures and standards for fair decision-making: a normative and empirical-based account of the interplay between science, politics and courts European journal of risk regulation (examining, in the light of the COVID-19 crisis, the room for judicial oversight of health crisis measures based on the public’s expectations of how governments should act in the interplay with experts).
  2. Mariano Croce and Frederik Swennen, Cont(r)actualisation: a politics of transformative legal recognition of adult unions 30(2) Social and Legal Studies (explores a new legal recognition model that emphasises the transformative potential of people’s use of family law).
  3. Eva Maria Belser, Thea Bächler, Sandra Egli, and Lawrence Zünd (eds.), The Principle of Equality in Diverse States, Reconciling Autonomy with Equal Rights and Opportunities (2021) (examining different approaches by which states characterised by federal or decentralized arrangements reconcile equality and autonomy).
  4. Ali Dayioğlu and Mustafa Çirakli, Turkish Nationalism and the Cyprus Question: Change, Continuity and Implications for Engagement with Northern Cyprus 20(4) Ethnopolitics (exploring the change and continuity in the Turkish policy toward Cyprus since the de facto partition of the island in 1974).
  5. Brian Christopher Jones (ed.), Democracy and Rule of Law in China’s Shadow (2021) (providing detailed insight into some of the most contentious events occurring in jurisdictions operating within China’s vast shadow).

Calls for Papers and Announcements

  1. The Institutum Iurisprudentiae Academia Sinica accepts papers for the 9th Asian Constitutional Law Forum to be held in Taipei on 13-14 May 2022.
  2. The Institutum Iurisprudentiae Academia Sinica Vibe by Jaipur Living PLW103662 Imena Pink Cream Trellis Polye an online book talk on “Hate Speech in Japan—The Possibility of a Non-Regulatory Approach” to be held online at 13:00 UTC on 1 October 2021.
  3. California State University Channel Islands announces a vacancy for a new faculty position in Constitutional Law. The deadline for applications is 20 September 2021.
  4. The IFIM Law School organizes the research colloquium “Business and Human Rights” on 23 October 2021.
  5. The Conference Committee of the International Initiative organization for Human Rights (IIOHR) invites participants to the International Human Rights Conference “Elimination Violence Against Women & Children, Human Trafficking and Child Abuse” to be held in Massachusetts on 21-24 September 2021.
  6. The College of Law & Business and the Law & Ethics of Human Rights Journal organize the symposium “Crowdsourcing and the Decline of the Individual”. The deadline for abstracts is 2 September 2021.

Elsewhere Online

  1. Martina Trettel, Democratic innovations against climate change: the French Citizens’ Convention on Climate, Eureka!
  2. Wojciech Sadurski, The Disciplinary Chamber May Go – but the Rotten System will Stay, Verfassungsblog
  3. Emilio Peluso Neder Meyer and João Andrade Neto, Courts are Finally Standing up to Bolsonaro, Verfassungsblog
  4. Lindsay F. Wiley and Steve Vladeck, Why Carefully Designed Public Vaccination Mandates Can—and Should—Withstand Constitutional Challenge, lawfareblog
  5. Eya Jrad, Constitutional or Unconstitutional: Is That the Question?, Arab Reform Initiative
  6. Rosalind English, Poland’s disciplinary chamber for judges threatens rule of law – ECJ, UK Human Rights Blog
  7. Jason Marczak and Wazim Mowla, Cuba’s protests have ebbed. But the forces that fueled them are as powerful as ever, Atlantic Council
  8. Alison L Young, Judicial Review of Policies – Clarification or Judicial Retreat?, UK Constitutional Law Blog
Published on August 16, 2021
Author:          Filed under: Developments
 

Imagineering the Post-Conflict State: International Peacebuilding as Civilising Mission

Armi Beatriz E. Bayot, University of Oxford Faculty of Law

[Editors’ Note: This is one of our biweekly ICONnect columns. For more information on our four columnists for 2021, please see here.]

Considering the far-reaching interventions involved in international peacebuilding, such as those aimed at demilitarisation, institutional reform, human rights monitoring, electoral reform, economic development, and even international territorial administration,[1] it is not surprising that many scholars have likened it to a modern-day civilising mission.[2] Indeed, international peacebuilding has been described by no less than one of its key proponents as an updated and more benign version of the mission civilasatrice. Paris says that international peacebuilders transmit “standards of appropriate behaviour from the Western-liberal core of the international system to the failed states of the periphery,” making international peacebuildingthe globalisation of a particular model of domestic governance: liberal market democracy.[3]

International peacebuilding is the imagineering[4] of a post-conflict state. Like the civilising mission of old, it seeks to re(construct) peoples and their spaces in the image of the civiliser. It is also built on the premise that old “corrupt,” “backwards,” or indeed “uncivilised” systems must be removed in favour of a new, superior paradigm. International peacebuilding operations have usually been top-down affairs, particularly when led by the UN under its broad mandate to maintain international peace and security. Through peacebuilding efforts, a conflict-affected state is remade in order to make it resistant to a relapse to violent conflict. As former UN Secretary General Boutros Boutros-Ghali said, “There is an obvious connection between democratic practices – such as the rule of law and transparency in decision-making – and the achievement of true peace and security in any new and stable political order. These elements of good governance need to be promoted at all levels of international and national political communities.”[5] The liberal peace paradigm has informed the United Nations peace agenda since the 1990s.

Paris distinguishes the modern civilising mission from the old imperialist model by pointing out that international peacebuilders are not (primarily) motivated by profit or similarly sinister objectives.[6] With the profound impact that international peacebuilding can have on local communities, however, “benign” is probably too mild a word to describe it.

Read the rest of this entry…
Published on August 11, 2021
Author:          Filed under: Analysis